It’s been ages since the Mac mini received an update, so we can
see how fans of Apple’s smallest Mac would be happy for
any improvements. On the flipside, because the mini
hasn’t been updated for four long years, you may have convinced
yourself that Apple would make dramatic changes—yet the
update is pretty much limited to a processor upgrade.
If you were anticipating a major overhaul, your disappointment
is understandable. But get over it, because the new Mac mini is
a worthy Mac for $799. In fact, in our benchmarks, its
performance is fast enough to give the iMac some competition.
If you’re buying a new Mac, you should definitely consider the
Mac mini, because you could end up saving some money—and still
get a soild, fast Mac.
And if you own an older Mac mini and love the form
factor, you’ll want to upgrade. The performance—especially with
multi-core professional software—is worth the money. This
review takes a look at the $799 Mac mini, which is now Apple’s
Who is the Mac mini for?
The Mac mini made its debut
in 2005, and was marketed as the affordable entry-point for
Mac newcomers. All it needed was an external display (the first
mini came with a VGA-to-DVI adapter) and USB input devices.
With the base model priced at $499, it lagged behind Apple’s
faster, more expensive Macs, but it was a good performer for
But as it turned out, the Mac mini found a market with pro
users thanks to its small footprint. It’s been popular with
software developers and content creators, and has even found a
home in co-location data centers. In response, Apple changed
its Mac mini message, targeting professionals and touting the
mini’s performance instead of its affordability. Apple’s Mac
mini website calls the new Mac “All workhorse” and the whole
“switcher” messaging of the original Mac mini is gone.
But that doesn’t mean the mini is no longer for switchers and
everyone else. It’s still a good Mac for the general consumer,
and in fact, it offers considerable bang for the buck. The main
drawback is that there’s no longer a sub-$500 price tag in
Apple’s Mac lineup (though the $799 Mac mini is $300 cheaper
than the entry-level 21.5-inch iMac).
Inside the Mac mini: CPU, SSD, RAM, T2
During a briefing, Apple told us that faster Mac mini
performance was at the top of customers’ wishlists. With that
in mind, Apple upgraded the CPU with eighth-generation Intel
Core processors—desktop CPUs, not mobile CPUs. Apple says the
new Mac mini is up to five times faster than the previous one
(which, after all, was released in October 2014).
The CPU in the $799 Mac mini is a 3.6GHz Core i5. This is a
quad-core processor that offers two more processing cores than
the chip in the previous Mac mini. Note that this particular
Mac mini’s CPU doesn’t support Turbo Boost, a feature that
allows for a processor to run faster than its stated frequency
if the processor is running under its limits for power,
current, and temperature. However, Turbo Boost up to 4.1GHz
is available in the 3.0GHz 6-core Core i5 processor
that’s spec’d for the $1,099 Mac mini.
You’ll also find a performance upgrade in the Mac mini’s
storage hardware—sort of. In the past, you could choose from a
hard drive (slow but spacious), a Fusion Drive (the capacity of
a hard drive but with better speed), or flash storage (a fast
and pricey solid-state drive). Now, Apple offers only
solid-state drives, which offer the best speed.
The $799 model comes with a 128GB drive, but if that isn’t
enough, Apple offers upgrades all the way up to 2TB if you’re
willing to pay. The SSDs are PCI-e cards and Apple doesn’t
consider them user-upgradeable. So, if you prefer to house your
storage inside the computer instead of attaching an external
drive, you might consider shelling out more money for an
The $799 Mac mini comes standard with 8GB of 2666MHz DDR4
memory, installed as a pair of 4GB SO-DIMMs. The mini supports
a maximum of 64GB, and you can upgrade the memory later,
but Apple doesn’t consider the Mac mini to be
user-configurable, and it recommends that memory upgrades be
performed by a certified Apple service provider. Doing it on
your own will void the warranty.
You can easily open up the Mac mini on your own: The circular
plastic cap at the bottom of the Mac mini pops off to unveil an
aluminum hatch that’s kept in place with torx screws. But what
you’ll find when you remove the hatch is that the memory is
placed in a sort of a cage, and that you’ll need to remove the
fan and other components to get access. It’s not a trivial
The Mac mini includes a T2 Security Chip to offload security
features away from the main CPU. The T2 handles the Mac mini’s
secure boot feature and storage encryption for FileVault, and
it houses a coprocessor for Secure Enclave, which operates
Touch ID. Unfortunately, there currently isn’t any
keyboard with Touch ID support that can be attached to the Mac
mini. That said, the iMac is due for an update soon, so maybe
we’ll see a new Magic Keyboard with Touch ID when that desktop
How fast is the Mac mini?
To test the speed of the $799 Mac mini, we used the Geekbench 4 benchmark tool. We compared the Mac
mini’s results to the three Mac mini models from 2014, the
current $1,499 iMac, and the 2013 3.5GHz 6-Core Xeon E5 Mac
Geekbench 64-bit Single-Core test results
Not surprisingly, the $799 Mac mini, with its eighth-generation
3.6GHz Core i3 processor, offers a nice single-core boost over
its 2014 predecessors. We saw a 29 percent jump over the $999
2.8GHz Core i5 model, a 34 percent boost over the $699 2.6GHz
Core i5 model, and a 45 percent improvement over the $499
1.4GHz Core i5 Mac mini.
The question is, Are these improvements enough for owners of
the 2014 Mac mini to upgrade? Even in single-core apps (e.g.,
mail, browsers, iTunes, and even some consumer-level video and
image editors), the boost is significant, thanks to
eighth-generation Intel chip improvements and the clock speed
bump. So, if you have a 2014-vintage $499 or $699 Mac mini,
you’ve probably gotten your money’s worth from the machine, and
upgrading to the new $799 model is a good investment. And even
if you bought the 2014 $999 model, upgrading should be a
Interestingly, the single-core performance of the $799 Mac mini
isn’t far off from the 2017 21.5-inch 3.4GHz Core i5 iMac that
sells for $1,499. The iMac is only 4 percent faster. Another
interesting data point: The new Mac mini outperforms the 2013
3.5GHz Xeon E5 Mac Pro by 23 percent. Keep in mind that this is
in single-core performance, and the Mac mini versus
Mac Pro story changes in our next suite of tests.
Geekbench 64-bit Multi-Core test results
Because Apple has changed the marketing message with the new
Mac mini, its multi-core performance will draw more attention
than before. The $799 Mac mini has four processing cores, two
more than in the previous models. So the newer CPU and extra
processing cores combine to make the $799 Mac mini a mighty
machine for apps that can use multiple cores (pro-level video
and image editors, as well as developer tools, for example).
In the Geekbench 64-bit Multi-Core test, the $799 Mac mini more
than doubled the performance of the three older models. Bottom
line: If you use apps that can take advantage of multiple
cores, you’re going to see a huge speed increase with the new
Mac mini. It’s well worth the cost of upgrading.
When you compare the $799 Mac mini to the $1,499 21.5-inch iMac
with a quad-core 3.4GHz Core i5, you’ll find an eye-opening
result: the Geekbench 4 scores are practically the same. We ran
a few more benchmarks to compare the $799 Mac mini to the
$1,499 iMac, and we found that when it comes to graphics
performance, the iMac and its 4GB Radeon Pro 560 graphics card
gives it a significant edge in frame-rate performance over the
Mac mini’s Intel UHD Graphics 630. But in two other
benchmarks—the Cinebench R15 CPU test and the Blender BMW render test—the Mac mini and the
iMac finished neck and neck. You can see the additional Mac
mini versus iMac benchmarks here.
The Mac mini, however, is slower than the 2013 6-core 3.5GHz
Xeon E5 Mac Pro, which is five years old and costs $2,299.
Still, when you consider the price difference, the Mac mini’s
multi-core speed is impressive.
Connectivity and ports on the new Mac mini
One of the reasons the Mac mini has been such a beloved machine
among Mac users is that it comes with so many ports in such a
small package. Fortunately, it still has a lot of ports, but
Apple has updated the equipment to match its current
philosophy, which currently focuses on Thunderbolt/USB-C.
The Mac mini comes with four Thunderbolt/USB-C ports, and you
can connect two or three displays through these ports,
depending on the screen resolution used for each display. If
you don’t have a USB-C equipped display like the LG UltraFine 4K Display, you will need an
adapter (we have a
Thunderbolt 3 adapter guide to help you find the ones you
need). You can also connect an HDMI-equipped display to the Mac
mini’s HDMI 2.0 port.
If you have a lot of USB-A devices to connect, you’ll be
disappointed in the reduction of USB-A ports from four down to
two. But if you don’t use all of the Mac mini’s USB-C ports and
you want to connect a USB-A device, you can use an USB-C to
USB-A adapter, like the $19 one from Apple. An even better
investment would be a USB hub, such as the Anker 4-Port USB 3.0 Data Hub, which
connects to the Mac mini via USB-A, or the AmazonBasics USB 3.1 Type-C to 4 Port USB
Hub, which connects via USB-C.
For networking, the Mac mini comes standard with a gigabit
ethernet jack and Wi-Fi. Apple does offer a $100 upgrade to
10Gb ethernet, which will be of interest to pro users, render
farm implementations, and more. The Mac mini also has Bluetooth
5.0 and a headphone jack.
Same Mac mini design as before
The long gap between updates lent itself to speculation, with
Apple fans compiling wish lists for the new Mac mini. Macworld
writers and editors certainly haven’t been
thoughts on the
subject. Much of the speculation focused on the Mac mini’s
form factor, and many of us thought the new machine could be
smaller than the 2014 model, an idea inspired by small PC
devices, such as the Intel NUC and even Raspberry Pi.
But in the end, Apple decided not to change the Mac mini’s
design at all, except for now it’s in space gray instead of
silver. It’s the same shape and size as before, a square with
sides measuring 7.7 inches, a height of 1.4 inches, and rounded
corners. You can stack it on top of the previous Mac mini, and
it lines up perfectly. Like the MacBook Air, the Mac mini’s
case is made of 100 percent recycled aluminum.
Probably the main reason why Apple stuck with the design can be
seen in “The secret world of Mac mini” feature that
the company published during the Mac mini announcement. Among
other clever uses for the Mac mini, we see them in a
co-location data center where 8,000 Mac minis are deployed. The
photo of MacStadium’s facility is impressive, with row after
row of Mac minis, but could you imagine what you’d have to do
to replace all those old minis to accommodate a new form
factor? It certainly may discourage upgrading the machines in
Perhaps it would be nice if the Mac mini were smaller, lending
itself to even more uses, but it seems Apple
determined a footprint reduction wasn’t a priority. For a
majority of people, the Mac mini’s size works, and the new Mac
mini can simply slide into the space of the old one, no muss,
There are customers who lament the fact that Apple no longer
offers a Mac for under $500, and that Apple went from offering
three desktop Macs for under $1,000 to just one. But this is
the new reality: $799 is the new entry point, and it’s not
going to go any lower.
That being said, at $799, the 3.6GHz quad-core Core i3 Mac mini
offers an intriguing combination of performance and value. In
many instances—especially with multi-core apps—the Mac mini is
as fast as the current $1,499 21.5-inch 3.4GHz quad-core Core
i5 iMac (which was released in 2017). You could you decide to
buy a new 4K display and input devices with a $799 Mac mini
instead of a $1,499 iMac, and you’ll save a little bit of money
while getting comparable performance.
Whether you should upgrade from the previous Mac mini is a
no-brainer: Do it. If you use apps that can take advantage of
multiple cores, you’ll see a huge improvement that’s well worth
the cost. Even if you don’t use multi-core apps and use only
consumer-level software, you’ll see a marked improvement in
speed. You may have to buy a USB hub and a video adapter, but
it’s worth it.